burst1 [bə:st US bə:rst] v past tense and past participle burst
1¦(break open)¦
2 be bursting with something
3¦(move suddenly)¦
4 burst open
5 be bursting to do something
6 be bursting
7 burst somebody's bubble
8 burst its banks
Phrasal verbs
 burst in on/upon somebody/something
 burst into something
 burst onto/upon/on something
 burst out
[: Old English; Origin: berstan]
1.) ¦(BREAK OPEN)¦ [I and T]
if something bursts or if you burst it, it breaks open or apart suddenly and violently so that its contents come out
The pipes had burst and the house was under two feet of water.
2.) be bursting with sth
to have a lot of something or be filled with something
John was bursting with ideas and good humour.
The shops are bursting with food.
be bursting with pride/energy/excitement etc
Your mum's bursting with pride for you.
3.) ¦(MOVE SUDDENLY)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
to move somewhere suddenly or quickly, especially into or out of a place
burst into/through/in etc
Jo burst into the room.
4.) burst open
to open suddenly
The door burst open and Tom ran into the room.
5.) be bursting to do sth informal
to want to do something very much
Zach was bursting to tell them something.
6.) be bursting
a) BrE informal to need to go to the toilet very soon
b) also be bursting at the seams
to be so full that nothing else can fit inside
7.) burst sb's bubble informal
to destroy someone's beliefs or hopes about something
Steve was so happy I couldn't bear to burst his bubble.
8.) burst its banks
if a river bursts its banks, water from it goes on to the land
full (up) to bursting atfull1 (1), burst the bubble atbubble1 (6), the bubble bursts atbubble1 (5)
burst in on/upon / [burst in on/upon sb/sth] phr v
to interrupt something by entering a room, in a way that embarrasses you or other people
I'm sorry to burst in on you like this.
burst into [burst into sth] phr v
1.) to suddenly begin to make a sound, especially to start singing, crying, or laughing
Claire looked as if she were about to burst into tears .
Suddenly, the group burst into laughter .
Lydia burst into song .
2.) burst into flames/flame
to suddenly start to burn very strongly
Their car crashed and burst into flames.
burst onto/upon/on [burst onto/upon/on sth] phr v
to suddenly appear and become very successful
The band burst onto the music scene in 1997.
burst out phr v
1.) burst out laughing/crying/singing etc
to suddenly start to laugh, cry etc
Everyone in the room burst out laughing.
2.) to suddenly say something in a forceful way
'I don't believe it!' she burst out angrily.
burst 2
burst2 n
1.) the act of something bursting or the place where it has burst
a burst in the water pipe
a) a short sudden effort or increase in activity
burst of
The van gave a sudden burst of speed.
b) a short sudden and usually loud sound
burst of
sharp bursts of machine gun fire
c) a sudden strong feeling or emotion
burst of anger/enthusiasm/temper etc

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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